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The following is a list of recommended publications relevant to the global brain and collective intelligence, mostly by non-members of the GBI. See the Publications and Working Papers for work specifically by GBI members. Publications with a * are intended for a broad audience, the others are more technical.

*Berners-Lee, T., & Fischetti, M. (1999). Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web by Its Inventor. Harper San Francisco.

Bernstein, A., Klein, M., & Malone, T. W. (2012). Programming the Global Brain. Communications of the ACM, 55(5), 1.

*Brin, D. (1999). The Transparent Society: Will Technology Force Us to Choose Between Privacy and Freedom. Basic Books.

Chen, L. L. J., & Gaines, B. R. (1997). A CyberOrganism model for awareness in collaborative communities on the Internet. International Journal of Intelligent Systems, 12(1), 31–56.

*Chorost, M. (2011). World Wide Mind: The Coming Integration of Humanity, Machines, and the Internet. Free Press.

*de Rosnay, J. (1979). The Macroscope: a New World Scientific System. Harper & Row.

*de Rosnay, J. (2000). The Symbiotic Man: A new understanding of the organization of life and a vision of the future. McGraw-Hill Companies.

Dorogovtsev, S. N., & Mendes, J. F. F. (2003). Evolution of networks: From biological nets to the Internet and WWW. Oxford University Press, USA.

Engelbart, D. (1988). A conceptual framework for the augmentation of man’s intellect. Computer-supported cooperative work: a book of readings, 35–66.

Farmer, J. D. (1990). A Rosetta stone for connectionism. Proceedings of the ninth annual international conference of the Center for Nonlinear Studies on Self-organizing, Collective, and Cooperative Phenomena in Natural and Artificial Computing Networks on Emergent computation, CNLS  ’89 (pp. 153–187). Amsterdam, The Netherlands, The Netherlands: North-Holland Publishing Co.

Gaines, B. R. (1994). The collective stance in modeling expertise in individuals and organizations. International Journal of Expert Systems, 7(1), 19–49.

*Glenn, J. C. (1989). Future Mind: Artificial Intelligence: The Merging of the Mystical and the Technological in the 21st Century. Acropolis Books, Incorporated.

Goertzel, B. (2002). Creating Internet Intelligence: Wild computing, distributed digital consciousness, and the emerging global brain. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Heylighen, F. (2007). The Global Superorganism: an evolutionary-cybernetic model of the emerging network society. Social Evolution & History, 6(1), 58–119.

Heylighen, F. (2008). Accelerating socio-technological evolution: from ephemeralization and stigmergy to the global brain. Globalization as evolutionary process: modeling global change (Vol. 10, p. 284).

*Heylighen, F. (2011). Conceptions of a Global Brain: an historical review. Evolution: Cosmic, Biological, and Social, eds. Grinin, L. E., Carneiro, R. L., Korotayev A. V., Spier F. (pp. 274 – 289). Uchitel Publishing.

Heylighen, F., & Bollen, J. (1996). The World-Wide Web as a Super-Brain: from metaphor to model. In R. Trappl (Ed.), Cybernetics and Systems’ 96. Austrian Society For Cybernetics.

Hutchins, E., & Lintern, G. (1995). Cognition in the Wild (Vol. 262082314). MIT press Cambridge, MA.

Iandoli, L., Klein, M., & Zollo, G. (2009). Enabling on-line deliberation and collective decision-making through large-scale argumentation: a new approach to the design of an Internet-based mass collaboration platform. International Journal of Decision Support System Technology, 1(1), 69–92.

Klein, M. (2007). Achieving Collective Intelligence via Large-Scale On-line Argumentation (pp. 58–58).

Klein, M. (2011). How to Harvest Collective Wisdom on Complex Problems: An Introduction to the MIT Deliberatorium. CCI working paper.

*Kurzweil, R. (2005). The singularity is near. Penguin books.

*Lévy, P. (1997). Collective intelligence: Mankind’s emerging world in cyberspace. Perseus Books Cambridge, MA, USA.

Malone, T. W., & Klein, M. (2007). Harnessing Collective Intelligence to Address Global Climate Change. Innovations: Technology, Governance, Globalization, 2(3), 15–26.

Malone, T. W., Laubacher, R., Introne, J., Klein, M., Abelson, H., Sterman, J., & Olson, G. (2009). The Climate Collaboratorium: Project Overview. CCI Working Paper No. 2009.

Mayer-Kress, G. (1996). Messy futures and global brains. Springer series in synergetics, 69, 209–232.

Mayer-Kress, G., & Barczys, C. (1995). The global brain as an emergent structure from the Worldwide Computing Network, and its implications for modeling. The information society, 11(1), 1–27.

Maynard Smith, J., & Szathmáry, E. (1997). The major transitions in evolution. Oxford University Press, USA.

Otlet, P. (1935). Monde: Essai d’Universalisme. Brussels: Mundaneum.

Parunak, H. V. D. (2006). A survey of environments and mechanisms for human-human stigmergy. Environments for Multi-Agent Systems II, 163–186.

Rayward, W. B. (1999). H. G. Wells’ s idea of a World Brain: A critical reassessment. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 50(7), 557–573.

*Russell, P. (1995). The Global Brain Awakens. Global Brain Inc.

Salminen, J. (2012). Collective Intelligence in Humans: A Literature Review. Arxiv preprint arXiv:1204.3401.

Simon, W. M. (1960). Herbert Spencer and the“ Social Organism”. Journal of the History of Ideas, 21(2), 294–299.

*Stewart, J. (2000). Evolution’s Arrow: The Direction of Evolution and the Future of Humanity. Chapman Pr.

*Stock, G. (1993). Metaman: The Merging of Humans and Machines into a Global Superorganism. Simon & Schuster.

*Surowiecki, J. (2005). The Wisdom of Crowds. Anchor.

Turchin, V. (1977). The Phenomenon of Science. A Cybernetic Approach to Human Evolution. New York: Columbia University.

Turchin, V. (1995). A dialogue on metasystem transition. World Futures, 45, 5–57.

Watkins, J., & Rodriguez, M. (2008). A Survey of Web-based Collective Decision Making Systems. Evolution of the Web in Artificial Intelligence Environments, Studies in Computational Intelligence (pp. 245–279). Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-79140-9_11

*Wells, H. (1937). World Brain. Ayer Co Pub.

Woolley, A. W., Chabris, C. F., Pentland, A., Hashmi, N., & Malone, T. W. (2010). Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups. Science, 330(6004), 686–688. doi:10.1126/science.1193147

*Wright, R. (2001). Nonzero: The logic of human destiny. Vintage.


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